Why does the iodine clock reaction work?

How does iodine clock reaction work?

In Reaction # 1 iodide ions react with hydrogen peroxide to produce iodine element which is blue in the presence of starch. BUT, before that can actually happen, the Vitamin C quickly reacts and consumes the elemental iodine.

What is the purpose of iodine clock reaction?

The “clock reaction” is a reaction famous for its dramatic colorless-to-blue color change, and is often used in chemistry courses to explore the rate at which reactions take place. The color change occurs when I2 reacts with starch to form a dark blue iodine/starch complex.

Why is the iodine clock reaction delayed?

The reaction that we are working with today is called an Iodine Clock Reaction. … The starch is trying to turn the iodine blue, but the Vitamin C is battling the starch. This causes a delay in the reaction. Eventually, the starch defeats the Vitamin C and the color change occurs.

What is the catalyst in the iodine clock reaction?

Note: Sulfuric acid is a catalyst for this reaction.

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How long does the iodine clock reaction last?

Measure out 100 mL of each solution into graduated cylinders. With stirring, quickly add each solution to the 400 mL beaker. The solution will oscillate between colorless, amber and dark blue. Clock will oscillate for about 5 minutes typically.

How can I improve my iodine clock reaction?

concentration), or increasing the concentration of iodide or hydrogen peroxide will shorten the time. Adding more thiosulfate will have the opposite effect; it will take longer for the blue colour to appear.

How is iodine removed from the reaction mixture?

The removal of iodine is making by using 5% HYPO – SODIUM THIOSULFATE.

What does vitamin C do in an iodine clock reaction?

The Vitamin C creates a clock reaction (1 – 2 minutes) and once it is used up, the solution turns blue, because now the iodine element and starch are present. Safety Precautions: Be careful when working with the iodine – it stains.

How do you neutralize iodine?

The iodine molecules goes inside of the coil and this is what makes it turn blue/black. Iodine is a diatomic element with the formula, I2. When this solution is added to the water and sodium carbonate, the iodine solution is “neutralized” by the carbonate, which is a base.

What would happen if you left out the thiosulfate in the iodine clock reaction?

Potassium persulphate is used to oxidize iodide ions to iodine, in the presence of starch and a small amount of thiosulphate ions. When the thiosulphate is exhausted (by reaction with the iodine produced), the dark blue iodine-starch complex is formed.

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How does temperature affect the iodine clock reaction?

After many trials to ensure accuracy, it was evident that temperature played a key role in reaction rates. The solutions made with cold water were the slowest to react, while the solutions made with hot water were the fastest to react.

Does iodine dissolve in water?

Iodine dissolves easily in chloroform and hexane but does not dissolve in water. … Although non-polar molecular iodine cannot dissolve in water, it reacts with iodide ion to form something that can: the triiodide ion.