How did Galileo invent the pendulum?
How did he hit on the idea that pendulums have a constant period? Viviani, Galileo’s pupil,wrote that Galileo observed the motions of a chandelier hanging in a cathedral and noticed that it has a constant period even when moving at different angles. Viviani claims that was how he discovered the laws of pendulum motion.
What causes a pendulum to eventually slow down and stop swinging?
When the swing is raised and released, it will move freely back and forth due to the force of gravity on it. The swing continues moving back and forth without any extra outside help until friction (between the air and the swing and between the chains and the attachment points) slows it down and eventually stops it.
Who is father of clock?
Thomas Tompion (1639–1713) was an English clockmaker, watchmaker and mechanician who is still regarded to this day as the “Father of English Clockmaking”.
What was the first clock called?
The first invention of this type was the pendulum clock, which was designed and built by Dutch polymath Christiaan Huygens in 1656.
What force makes a pendulum stop swinging?
A pendulum stops oscillating because it loses energy when it is converted into heat. Even without air friction, the friction which exists with the point around which the pendulum rotates causes the system to lose kinetic energy and eventually stop.