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## What is the maximum clock frequency that I can apply to this FF?

Maximum operating frequency f , of the Toggle Flip-Flop (static frequency divider) as a function of the circuit’s main bias. The absolute maximum corresponds to **f = 393 GHz**, whereas the widest margins of operation correspond to 325 GHz input frequency.

## How do you find the maximum frequency?

Maximum operating frequency **≈ 1/(τ)**, where τ is a time constant: Since τ is determined by charging and discharging time, τ is calculated from the time required for the output voltage to reaches 63%.

## What is TPD and TCD?

∎ **Contamination delay** (tcd. ): delay until Y starts changing. ∎ Propagation delay (tpd. ): delay until Y finishes changing.

## How do you calculate maximum clock skew?

Max clock skew = **Clock period** – (FF propagation delay + max combination circuit delay + FF Setup time) Max clock skew = 200 – (35 + (60+20) + 30) = 200 – 145 = 55 ps.

## How is clock frequency calculated?

The clock period or cycle time, T_{c}, is the time between rising edges of a repetitive clock signal. Its reciprocal, **f _{c} = 1/T_{c}**, is the clock frequency.

## How do you calculate the maximum switching frequency of a Mosfet?

Conse- quently in the limiting case the gate charge delivered to turn on each MOSFET will actually be 9/10 **×** 200 nC = 180 nC and the estimated maximum switching frequency will be 46 kHz.

## What is the maximum clock frequency in 8086?

The maximum internal clock frequency of 8086 is **5 MHz**.

## What is sequential timing?

Sequential circuits rely on a **clock signal** to control the movement of system data. Given a set of combinational and sequential components and their associated timing parameters, it is possible to determine the maximum clock frequency that can be used with the circuit.